Ectopic Pregnancy

Ectopic Pregnancy

In a normal pregnancy, the ovary released an egg into the fallopian tube where it stays for the next 24 hours, and then it gets fertilized here with the help of sperm. The fertilized egg stays in the fallopian tube for 3 or 4 days before it passed to the uterus and attaches to the lining and continues to grow until a baby is born. An ectopic pregnancy happens when a fertilized egg implants and grows outside the main cavity of the uterus or somewhere else in your abdominal cavity or the lower part of the uterus (cervix). It can also happen on your ovary or fallopian tube. When ectopic pregnancy occurred in a fallopian tube, which carries eggs from the ovaries to the uterus, it normally known as tubal pregnancy.Other than uterus none of these places has much nurturing tissue or space need for the fetus to develop. If fetus grows in these areas, it will badly harm the organ that contains it. This required an emergency treatment and can be dangerous for the mother’s life. In general, classical ectopic pregnancy does not result in successful child birth. Ectopic pregnancies are rare and it occurred in about 2 out of every 100 women. But it can be fatal if not treated on time.

Symptoms of Ectopic pregnancy

You may not notice anything at first that you are pregnant and may have problems with the pregnancy. Generally, an ectopic pregnancy developed within the first few weeks of pregnancy. Some women with an ectopic pregnancy have light vaginal bleeding and pelvic pain is usually the first symptoms. Some other symptoms can be observed, for example pain on one side of the body, nausea and vomiting with pain, breast tenderness, a missed period, sharp abdominal cramps and feelings of dizziness or weakness. Signs and symptoms increase as the fertilized egg begin to grows in the improper place.

 Causes of Ectopic pregnancy

A tubal pregnancy, the most common type of ectopic pregnancy usually occurred when a fertilized egg gets stuck on its way and wasn’t able to move quickly to the fallopian tube into the uterus. This guide the implant in the fallopian tube or somewhere else. This usually happen because the fallopian tube get damaged by inflammation or is misshapen. The reasons for an ectopic pregnancy to happen are as below:

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) caused due to chlamydia or gonorrhea
  • A surgical procedure or previous infection may results scar tissue on the fallopian tube also obstruct the egg’s movement
  • Sexually-transmitted diseases
  • A surgical procedure or previous infection may results scar tissue on the fallopian tube also obstruct the egg’s movement
  • Infertility treatments such as in-vitro fertilization (IVF)
  • Consumption of fertility drugs
  • Rarely, but birth defects can also change the shape of the tube and hinder the egg’s movement.
  • When cells from the lining of the uterus implant and grow elsewhere in the body know as Endometriosis also can cause blockages

It could also happen if a woman becomes pregnant with an intrauterine device (IUD) in place.

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