IVF and IUI both processes are used to treat infertility under supervision of professional or specialists. While both processes require various laboratory tests and supervision of specialists; yet the procedure involved is different in both the treatments. A wide analysis of both the treatments and their differences are explained below.
IVF (In Vitro Fertilisation)
In Vitro Fertilisation literally means ‘fertilisation in glasses’. In this procedure an egg and sperm placed together in a plastic dish to fertilise.IVF refers to a technique of assisted reproduction where the egg and sperm are fertilized outside of the body to form an embryo. This embryo is then transferred to the uterus of female.
When IVF is used?
IVF was originally developed for women with blocked or missing fallopian tubes. It is also used when infertility cannot be explained and with the following ovulatory or structural causes:
- Problems with ovulation.
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome.
- Cervical problems.
Stages of IVF
The basic stages involved in the IVF procedure are detailed below. The whole process up to the embryo transfer stage will usually take six to eight weeks.
Stage 1: Ovarian stimulation and monitoring.
Stage 2: Egg (oocyte) retrieval.
Stage 3: Fertilisation.
Stage 4: Embryo growth.
Stage 5: Embryo transfer.
Stage 6: Luteal phase support.
IUI (Intra-uterine Insemination)
Intra-uterine Insemination is used when there is any sperm related issue or total absence of sperm is found. It is a primary choice for many couples when they are confronted with the cost and complexity of IVF and ICSI treatments. Donor insemination is easy to perform, requires no special equipment, and may be the only procedure performed by many physicians who use this manual.The initial step in effective infertility treatment is to make a diagnosis. This can be accomplished with a few simple and relatively inexpensive tests.
When IUI is used?
This procedure is used when following conditions arise:
- Open Fallopian Tube.
- Minor Endometriosis.
- Ovulation Complications.
- Low Sperm Count.
- Retrograde Ejaculation.
- Unexplained Infertility.
- Physical Problems with Sexual Intercourse.
- Mucus Hostility.
- Ejaculation Problems.
Stages of IUI
The basic stages involved in the IUI procedure are detailed below.
- Stage 1: Stimulation of eggs.
- Stage 2:In habitation of multiple eggs growth.
- Stage 3:Induce ovulation.
- Stage 4:Washed and healthy sperm insertion into uterus.
- Stage 5:Pregnancy tests and early ultrasound at appropriate intervals.
Comparison Between IVF and IUI
IVF and IUI both are used for infertility treatment but they are different from each other in following ways:
- In IUI, one good follicle is to be searched to take the sperm; whereas in IVF, up to five to 10follicles are to be searched.
- Cost of IUI is comparatively less than IVF; whereas IVF cost is about three or four times as much as IUI cost.
- In IUI anticipated time to be pregnant is within one year; whereas in IVF, it is expected to be within three months of joining a clinic.
IUI procedure is timed according to a woman’s ovulationand may be performed one to two times in the days immediately following the detection of ovulation but IVF is the most successful method of fertility treatment utilized today to help couples to conceive.