Male infertility is a health problem in man that reduces the chances of his female partner to conceive a child. Approximately 15 percent of couples are infertile. An infertility is identified to a couple not able to conceive a child despite having frequent unprotected and without birth control sexual intercourse for a year or longer. In over a 30 percent of such cases, male infertility plays a major role.
Many different medical circumstances and other factors may causes to infertility in male. Not being able to become a father can be very irritating and stressful, but today’s modern assisted reproductive technologies (ART) available for infertile couple to overcome these health issues.
Symptoms of male infertility
The prominent sign of male infertility is not able to conceive a child for a year or long. There may be no other significant symptoms or sign. In some cases, problems such as a hormonal imbalance, inherited disorder or dilated veins around the testicle can be observed. In fact most male having infertility do not notice symptoms other than unable to conceive a child. Some other symptoms ad sign can be observed in male, for example small volume of fluid ejaculation along with difficulty with ejaculation, less sexual desire and difficulty in maintaining an erection, lump or swelling in the testicle area or lower sperm count.
Causes of male infertility
The root causes of a male infertility may not be easy to identify. The specific cause remains unknown when a male diagnosed with male factor infertility. Generally male infertility is associated revolves around quality and quantity of the sperm and issues with ejaculation. Some of the most common causes are:
- Problem with sperm production or function due to heath problems such as diabetes, genetic defects, undescended testicles or infections such as Chlamydia, gonorrhea, HIV or mumps. Enlarged veins in the testes can also results in low quality of sperm.
- Problem with the production of sperms due to sexual problems such as premature ejaculation, some genetic diseases such as cystic fibrosis and structural problems such as damage or injury to the reproductive organs or blockage in the testicles.
- Exposed to some environmental factors such as radiation and pesticides or other chemicals. Smoking cigarette, consuming alcohol taking drugs like marijuana or directly affect the fertility in men. Taking certain medications, such as select antibiotics and an abolic steroids can also led to infertility. Prolonged exposed to heat such as hot tubes or in saunas can raise the temperature of the body that may affect sperm production.
- Treatment of cancer such as radiation or chemotherapy can also affect sperm quality. Treatments of cancer can imbalance sperm production at greater extent.
Prevention of male infertility
The male infertility caused by genetic problems or illness usually cannot be prevented. However there is prevention that can be taken in order to decreases the possibility of infertility in men, these includes:
- Avoid smoking and limit or abstain from alcohol consumption.
- Avoid unsafe sexual practices and sexual transmitted diseases
- Avoid exposure to pesticides or certain harmful chemicals heavy metals and other toxic substances.
- Avoid exposure to harmful radiation, long hot bath or saunas